BARCLAYS MISSELLING

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Barclays increases PPI and swaps mis-selling provisions

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Barclays has increased the provisions to cover two mis-selling scandals by another £1bn.

It relates to the mis-selling of interest rate hedging products sold to small firms, and payment protection insurance (PPI) schemes.

Following a review, the bank said total provisions for the scandal involving interest rate swaps were now £850m, and £2.6bn for the PPI schemes.

The figure comes ahead of the bank’s full-year results due on 12 February.

Review of sales

The Financial Services Authority (FSA) last week ordered the UK’s major banks – Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, Lloyds, and HSBC – to review all their sales of interest rate hedging products, and provide redress where mis-selling occurred.

The products were offered to thousands of small firms – including pub owners, haulage firms, care-home operators and vets – when they asked their bank for a loan.

The borrowers were told that the product would provide an “insurance” or “hedge” against the risk of interest rates rising. But with interest rates having instead fallen since 2008 to historic lows, many of these businesses discovered they were sitting on tens of thousands of pounds in losses.

The FSA said that around 40,000 interest rate hedging products were sold since December 2001 to “non-sophisticated” customers, to protect against interest rate rises or limit interest rate fluctuations.

In its review of 173 such sales across the four banks, the FSA said it found that more than 90% did not comply with one or more of its regulatory requirements.

Barclays increased its provision by £400m, nearly doubling the total amount it has set aside for compensation.

Barclays chief executive Antony Jenkins later told the parliamentary committee on banking standards that compensation would be paid as quickly as possible. He said that this would be an easier process than redress for PPI, as more information about those affected was available.

He also said that the payments meant staff would get smaller bonuses as a result.

The FSA has called on banks to deal with the issue within six months, although some cases could take longer.

Mis-selling

The bank has increased its PPI provision by £600m. The total amount of £2.6bn was still well below the £5.3bn set aside by Lloyds Banking Group.

Financial institutions sold PPI alongside loans, credit cards and mortgages. It was supposed to cover loan repayments if policyholders were ill, had an accident, or lost their job. However, the policies were mis-sold to large numbers of people who would never have qualified for or needed to make a claim. Some did not even know they were paying for PPI.

Mr Jenkins told MPs that PPI was mis-sold at Barclaycard – which he ran – up to 2009, when it stopped selling the product.

Millions of people have now received compensation from banks, receiving a typical payment of nearly £3,000. The total bill facing UK institutions for PPI stands at approaching £14bn, but it is expected to go higher.

Some 11,000 complaints a week are being made to the financial ombudsman in cases which are unresolved by the banks.

With their finances under pressure, the banks have asked the FSA to impose a deadline on complaints, but the regulator has not agreed to one.

But Richard Lloyd, executive director of consumer group Which?, said: “The banks should be proactively contacting their customers and making sure it is as easy as possible for those with a legitimate claim to get their money back, without any hassle.”

Barclays’ latest provisions announcement comes just a week before Mr Jenkins is expected to unveil a blueprint for overhauling the bank’s culture.

Its finance director Chris Lucas announced over the weekend that he was stepping down.

The bank has already been handed a record £290m fine by UK and US regulators related to a separate Libor-rigging scandal.

 

Read More: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-21334145


Lloyds and Halifax mis-selling: who will get compensation?

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Those who bought Isas and insurance from Lloyds TSB, Bank of Scotland or Halifax between 2010 and 2012 could be in line for compensation.

 

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Thousands of customers could be in line for compensation after Lloyds Banking Group was hit with a record fine for pressuring staff to sell products that customers didn’t need or didn’t want.

The early indication is that nearly 100,000 people could receive money.

The Financial Conduct Authority said that incentive schemes created a failure in its sales process between 1 January 2010 and 31 March 2012 where staff across the group’s high street brands – Lloyds TSB, Bank of Scotland and Halifax – were put under pressure to hit targets to avoid being demoted.

It said such incentive plans “can create a culture of mis-selling”. Lloyds must now make recompense.

Which are the products?

The regulator’s investigation focused on Lloyds’ sale of protection products and investment products between January 2010 and March 2012.

Protection products included critical illness, income protection, life cover and “expenses on death” cover. Investments included personal investment plans, Individual Savings Accounts (Isas) and Open Ended Investment Companies (Oeics).

The regulator said the banks persuaded customers to take out more protection cover than they needed.

It could also be that customers were urged to invest in funds when this wasn’t suitable for them.

How were the salesmen incentivised? 

During the two year period salesmen at all three firms earned an average commission of £600 for every protection policy sold and £60 in commission for regular premium investment plans sold.

One-off investments into a new unit trust, Oeic, or Isa paid £260 in commission.

The only product which earned more commission than the protection products were lump sum investment bonds which earned an average £1,300.

The FCA’s investigation documents also revealed that the salesmen were offered “champagne” or “grand in your hand” bonuses for hitting their sales targets. Advisers were given big pay rises for towing the party line by recommending the protection products. Salesmen who missed their targets were not given bonuses and were even threatened with demotion.

One “adviser” even sold protection products to himself, his wife and a colleague to prevent himself from being demoted.

In Lloyds TSB, advisers were typically paid a salary of between £18,000 and £73,000, based on six tiers. Most were paid £34,000 or £47,000 – tiers three and four. Failure to make enough sales would see them slide down the tiers.

How many people are due compensation? 

It is unclear exactly how many people are in line for compensation. Lloyds will act as judge and jury by undertaking an internal review to establish who exactly should be compensated. It has said it will prioritise 11,000 cases where compensation is most likely.

That is tiny compared with the total of around 692,000 customers who bought these products over that period. Lloyds said the FCA’s investigation of a sample found compensation was due in 14pc of cases, which would equate to around 97,000 people.

The FCA said salesmen at Lloyds TSB sold over 630,000 products to over 399,000 customers over the two year period. Halifax advisers sold over 380,000 products to over 239,000 customers, while Bank of Scotland salesmen sold over 84,000 products to more than 54,000 customers.

Millions of pounds were spent on these products. At Lloyds, customers invested £1.2bn and paid £71m in protection premiums. At Halifax, around £888m was invested and paid £38m in protection premiums, while £170m was put into protection products and £9m into protection premiums.

The FCA acknowledged that rises in the stock market may mean that “customer detriment” may be low. Any compensation on the investment products may therefore be lower as a result.

Read more: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/bank-accounts/10510649/Lloyds-and-Halifax-mis-selling-who-will-get-compensation.html

 

 


135,000 families face endowment shortfall

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by CLARE KITCHEN, Daily Mail

One of the big banks yesterday admitted that most of its endowment mortgage holders face a bill for thousands of pounds when their policies mature.

Lloyds TSB said its policies are performing so badly that half of the 270,000 it has sold are at serious risk of leaving owners in debt.

Another 124,000 are estimated to have a chance of leaving a shortfall, while only 10,800 are on track to cover the mortgage.

It is thought to be the worst example of the problems surrounding endowments, many of which were mis-sold to home-buyers by salesmen eager to bump up their salaries with commissions.

The huge numbers of Britons mis-sold endowment mortgages could cost the life assurance industry more than £1billion in compensation, the latest estimates say.

Lloyds TSB chose to reveal the scale of its problems after the Financial Services Authority stipulated that all insurance companies must let customers know the state of their policies by the end of this month.

It has shown that six million of the ten million endowments in Britain are underperforming and may not cover the cost of the loan.

Lloyds TSB blamed ‘changes in the economic environment’ but claimed that many of the policies were new and had not had time to benefit from long-term exposure to the stock market.

The scale of its problem has shocked mortgage experts. It compares with Scottish Amicable, where just under half of the policies are definitely on course.

Scottish Amicable has written to virtually all 817,000 policyholders and so far just two per cent of endowments are seriously at risk, while 49 per cent are risky and the rest are on course to cover the loan.

In contrast, all of Standard Life’s 1.6million policies are on track. The company has promised to stand by all policies and top up any shortfalls provided future investment returns are at least six per cent a year.

A spokesman for the Financial Services Authority said policyholders should not panic as many under-performing policies could improve.

‘Our advice is not to take this as a final verdict on your policy,’ he added. ‘The market goes up and down, so policies that are not doing so well can improve. But people should still be aware there is risk.

‘They could either take out another policy to top up the shortfall or switch to a repayment mortgage.’

Some 300,000 people are estimated to be entitled to compensation from the mis-selling scandal, according to the Financial Ombudsman Service, which is receiving 400 complaints a week and expects up to 30,000.

It generally sees about one complaint in ten after policyholders fail to get satisfaction from the company which sold them the mortgage.

On average, it is finding in favour of the policyholder in about half of the complaints it investigates.

The FSA says the compensation awarded is on average £3,331.

The largest group of successful complaints are by people who were not properly briefed about the risks of investing in a policy which is linked to the stock market.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-50996/135-000-families-face-endowment-shortfall.html#ixzz2l0wvCYVS


The FSCS Got It Wrong!

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When a successful financial claim is filed against a firm but the firm is unable or likely to be unable to compensate the customer, The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) can step in and pay the customer on their behalf. This is a free service to consumers and since 2001, the FSCS have paid out in excess of £26 billion in compensation claims and helped more than 4.5 million people.

However, the FSCS has recently lost its High Court appeal against a landmark verdict that found that it had offered inadequate compensation to a victim of bad mortgage advice. This case could revolutionise the way in which the FSCS assess compensation claims for victims of Mis-Sold Mortgages and other areas of poor financial advice.

The original case was brought to the attention of the FSCS in 2009, by Charmaine Emptage and related to advice given to her by a mortgage broker from Berkeley Independent Advisors firm, Mr Peter Sharratt.

Mr Sharratt’s poor advice to Ms Emptage saw her exchange a £39,633 repayment mortgage on her existing home for an interest-only mortgage for more than £111,000. The additional monies (more than £70,000) raised on the remortgage were, with Mr Sharratt’s advice, invested in a Spanish property. As we know the Spanish housing market then crashed leading to Ms Emptage suffering great financial loss.

In 2010, the FSCS concluded their investigation in to the claim and decided that whilst Mr Sharratt’s advice had not been to the required standard, Ms Emptage could only claim losses relating to the UK mortgage and they awarded her £11,500 in compensation. FSCS decided that the house purchase in Spain related to poor investment advice which was not within their jurisdiction to investigate, therefore the losses sustained in Spain could not be compensated. Ms Emptage’s lawyers challenged that FSCS decision on the grounds that the claim was not based on unregulated investment advice but rather, poor mortgage advice which FSCS had already determined had been incorrect. On that basis they argued that FSCS should compensate for all financial losses that flowed from that negligent mortgage advice.

Court proceedings were commenced on Ms Emptage’s behalf and in November 2012, FSCS found themselves in front of High Court judge, His Honour Charles Haddon-Cave. His judgement was made in favour the borrower and awarded a massive £150,000 damages to Ms Emptage £150,000 as well as an order requiring FSCS to pay all of her legal costs.

FSCS appealed against this ruling and the case was recently heard at the Court of Appeal in front of His Honour Judge Martin Moore-Bick. The FSCS reiterated its view that it could only deal with losses flowing from the mortgage advice and as the majority of Ms Emptages’s losses related to the collapse of her property investment in Spain it was not linked to the broker’s mortgage advice.

Judge Martin Moore-Bick felt this was not the case, and the FSCS had failed to correctly identify what advice had given rise to Ms Emptage’s claim. In the judges’s view the two aspects of poor advice (i.e. the mortgage advice and the investment advice) were heavily connected; ‘The loss suffered by Ms Emptage flowed from Mr Sharratt’s bad advice in relation to mortgaging her home, which was a regulated activity. FSCS had power under the Act and the rules made under it to pay fair compensation in respect of that loss. I think the judge was right in finding that it was at this point that FSCS went wrong.’

The full ruling quote of Judge Martin Moore-Bick in support of a Mis-Sold Mortgage verdict can be found HERE


The FSA publishes final guide on Mis-Selling Mortgages

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In January the Financial Services Authority (FSA) published its final guidance on mis-selling mortgages based on its findings in 2012.

This is thought to be an attempt by the regulator to crack down on the mis-selling of products to the public which affect many people throughout the UK.

The FSA has reviewed the activity of twenty two authorised financial firms in recent years, the authority discovered that a worrying 20 of the 22 firms had been involved in schemes that increased the risk of mis-selling products to the public.

A couple of these cases indicated serious risks, though surprisingly only one firm of the twenty two was referred to the authority’s enforcement and financial crime division.

The risk element refers to specific incentive schemes, these schemes are thought to go against what the FSA has been trying to crack down upon in recent years. The FSA was created with customer satisfaction in mind and several products sold to the public have been suggested to be unsuitable.

Incentive schemes are thought to be a major problem, with financial firms’ staff being awarded for every potential sale in the retail division. The sales teams and financial advisers in several banks have essentially been encouraged by financial services to misinform customers in order to sell them unsuitable products.

The FSA has made it clear that it will monitor how firms act as far as guidance is concerned and it has the authority to take action against those who deliberately misinform customers.

Unless financial firms take the initiative and respond to the guidance set out by the FSA they risk facing punishment by the regulator.

This guidance does not indicate specifically how staff should directly deal with customers transactions but it does suggest that incentive schemes deployed by financial firms have the potential to mis-inform and mis-sell products to customers.

Financial firms encourage financial rewards for marginal sales and performance based salaries for its staff, which is thought to be a major part of the problem.

Judging by the information published in the review it is supposed that there are many candidates within financial services and banks that could be targeted by the FSA in the future.

In an environment where employees are desperate to sell, the likelihood of mis-selling mortgages becomes increasingly likely, some staff working in the retail division of a financial service are paid entirely on the sales they make, rather than a base salary.


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